“This proposal will lead to the realization of the first concrete foundation of a European federation”
Although a European federation has not been achieved, democratization and identity-building have been crucial components of the European integration. From the demonstrations of European federalists, to the first direct elections of the European Parliament in 1979, to the debate on the fundamental rights of the European Union, institutions and citizens have long discussed the meaning of being European.
Citizenship of the EU was given to the citizens of Member States by the Treaty of Maastricht, but this concept is still a much debated issue, as it questions individual and group identities in the current global environment.
Christine Verger (FR),
EU official 1984-2009. HAEU, INT 302
Calling for a federal Europe
The Union of European Federalists (UEF) was established in 1946, to coordinate the activities of the many federalist movements across Europe. The first federalist movement, Movimento Federalista Europeo (MFE) was founded by Altiero Spinelli in Italy, in 1943.
Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU
The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union was signed in 2000 and became legally binding in 2009. It sets out the fundamental rights of everyone living in the European Union.
Human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity are the fundamental values on which the Union is based, while democracy and rule of law are its operating principles.
Vassilis Skouris (GR)
President of the Court of Justice of the European
Union 2003-2015. HAEU, INT 870
Raymonde Dury (BE)
Member of the European Parliament (MEP)
1982-1998. HAEU, INT 826